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Marj} Washington College 


alumnae nettis 

/oL. 1 6 • No. 3 

Summer 1964 



One of the aims of the Alumnae As- 
;ociation is to strengthen the bonds of 
nterest existing between the college and 
ts alumnae. That this is being achieved 
,vas evident in May when a record 
;rowd of alumnae joined seniors and 
;heir parents for the annual homecom- 
ng-commencement weekend. 

First of the alumnae to arrive were 
iiembers of the Board of Directors for a 
dinner at Brompton and a Board meet- 
ng on Friday evening. On Saturday 
norning the annual business meeting 
Aas followed by a meeting of the 1964- 
35 Board for election of officers of the 
\ssociation for the coming year. 

At noon on Saturday Dean Mary 
Ellen Stephenson addressed the alum- 
nae luncheon with a talk entitled "Re- 
nember When?" in which she recog- 
nized the reunion groups and recalled 
tems of interest at the college during 
:he years those groups were at MWC. 

Also at the luncheon Miss Marian 
Minor, chairman of the Alumnae Fund 
Committee, presented to Chancellor 
Simpson $1,000 to be added to the 
scholarship fund established by the 
ilumnae in 1961. The gift was made 
Dossible because over 1,500 alumnae 
:ontributed nearly $1 1,000 to the 63-64 
\lumnae Fund by the end of May. 

In accepting the gift Chancellor 
Simpson announced that because the 
ilumnae established this fund he has 
Deen able to make awards to promising 

Act 111, Scene i — Midsummer Night's Dream. 

students and faculty to further their 
careers. The most recent grants have 
been four post-doctoral awards made to 
the following MWC faculty members: 
Dr. Alan Pierce, biology professor, who 
will be in India on a faculty exchange 
program; Dr. Russell Nazzaro, psychol- 
ogist, who will teach at U. of Brasilia; 
Dr. Daniel Woodward, English profes- 
sor, who will spend a year in research 
work in England; and Dr. Marion 
Greene, of the Modern Foreign Lan- 
guages dept., who will go to Paris with 
the Sweet Briar Junior Year Abroad 

The highlight of the homecoming was 
the Alumnae College which was held in 
Du Pont theatre after the luncheon. A 
faculty committee made up of Michael 
Houston, chairman, Albert Klein, 
George Luntz, Mrs. Claudia Read, and 
Mrs. Dorothy Van Winckel planned the 
program, "The Creative Arts In a Lib- 
eral Education." 

In the almost-filled theatre the alum- 
nae were given an enlightening demon- 
stration of the parts taken by the de- 
partments of Drama, Music, Dance, and 
Art in a production of a scene from 
Shakespeare's "A Midsummer Night's 
Dream" to illustrate the role of these 
departments in a liberal arts curriculum. 

Dr. Simpson opened the program 
with introductory remarks and Dr. Reg- 
inald Whidden spoke on "The Creative 

Colony Studios 

Arts In a Liberal Education." Dr. Klein 
then demonstrated to the audience the 
way in which Act III, Scene i (the Ti- 
tania-Bottom scene) would be prepared 
for production. Taking part in the dem- 
onstration were 18 students and three 
faculty members — Dr. Roger Kenvin of 
the English Dept., who played the part 
of Bottom; Miss Martha Darby, chore- 
ographer; and Lloyd Farrar, musical 

Ahminae visited the Student Art 
Show in Du Pont Galleries before and 
after the demonstration. Faculty mem- 
bers and some of the exhibitors were 
present to discuss the work. 

Next came the class reunions followed 
by the buffet supper on the lawn at 
Brompton at which Chancellor and 
Mrs. Simpson entertained some 2,500 
guests — seniors, their parents, alumnae, 
faculty, and townspeople. 

This year for the first time a class 
agents meeting for the exchange of 
ideas and discussion of class activities 
was made part of the homecoming pro- 
gram. Thirteen agents met in Virginia 
Hall on Saturday evening. They re- 
quested the editor of the bulletin to give 
reunion class news priority in the sum- 
mer issue of the News. 

Alumnae were housed in Virginia 
Hall this year and a number stayed un- 
til after the commencement activities 
were over on Sunday. 

Class KeuHioHS 



The 50th reunion of the Class of 1914 was 
marked by two noteworthy features — a $100 
gift to the Alumnae Fund and the attend- 
ance of only one member of the class at the 

Miss Louise Lewis of Morattico sent a gift 
of $100 to the Alumnae Fund in honor of 
this 50th reunion along with a note of greet- 
ing to the class and a regret that she would 
not be able to attend the reunion. 

Miss Ethel Nash of 
F'burg, who worked 
with the alumnae 
office on the reunion 
plans, was the only 
member of the class 
able to attend. The 
following eight persons 
had expected to join 
her: Mary and Maxie 
Acree, Helen Phillips, Mary Snead, Cath- 
arine Ware, Flora McFaden Hill, Nannie 
Oliver Foster, and Kathryne Rice Watkins. 
Miss Nash, who has been principal at La- 
fayette Elementary School in F'burg since 
1924, has a BS degree from MWC and a 
Masters from Columbia, '43. She has done 
graduate work at George Peabody College 
for Teachers and at UVa. She has held sev- 
eral important positions in the VEA, a num- 
ber of chairmanships in the Womans Club, 
is a director on the Board of the local DAR, 
is on the Board of Managers of Mary Wash- 
ington Hospital and is listed in Who's Who 
in American Education. 

In February she received the B'nai B'rith 
award for outstanding community service. 
Beta Sigma Phi chose her as Woman of the 
Year in 1953, the DAR presented her with 
its award of merit for teaching citizenship to 
children, and in 1957 the Lion's Club gave 
her its annual safety award. The class can 
indeed be proud of their outstanding class- 

'00 '^^'^^ I^"" -^^"^"'■g Hall 
^y-f Rt. I , Box 43, Fredericksburg 

Eleven members were present when our 
class celebrated its 35th anniversary. We 
agreed to make a special gift of $100 to the 
Alumnae Fund from the agers. 

Molly Vaughan Parrish was delighted to 
have the same suite in Virginia Hall and 
the same roommates again after so many 
years — Peggy Branch Britton and Elizabeth 
Durkin Deady. Molly has 3 sons. The eldest 
is married and received a degree in June. 
The second has his degree and will be mar- 
ried in August. The third is a student at 

Peggy Branch Britton has 2 daughters and 
2 granddaughters and lives in Raleigh. Eliz- 
abeth Durkin Deady's husband is vice-presi- 
dent of an electronics firm. A son graduated 

1934 — Five members of the Class of 1934 met in Mary Ball parlor for their 30th reunion. 
LEFT TO right: Nellie Mae Stewart Pettit, Margaret Lambert Reardon, Josephine Barefoot 
Lumpkin, Bernice Spicer Thoma, and Charlotte Miles James. 


CLASS OF 1939 — 23th reunion, seated left to right: Mary Hehabeck Townsend, Myrtis 
Hall O'Sullivan, Julia Hartley Martin '38. standing left to right: Ruby Mallory Gibson, 
Louise Harris Massie, class agent Doris Stagg Pruden, (Route 2, Box 225, Windsor, Va. 
23487), Henrietta Roberts Echols, Kathryn Nicholas Winslow, Virginia Dickinson Morgan, 
Frances Boggs Wilson, and Dorothy Diehl Denton. Four who attended are not in the picture. 

from Roanoke College in '64, her daughter 
is a sophomore at MWC, and there is a 13- 
year-old boy at home. 

Camilla Moody Payne, who worked so 
hard to make this reunion possible, is still en- 
joying her interior decorating business. She 
has an M.A. from GW. Her husband, 
Charles, came to the reunion with her. 

Phoebe Enders Willis has 5 sons and 9 
grandchildren (one granddaughter). One 
son is a lawyer and Commonwealth Attorney 
for F'burg, another is a doctor and will soon 
return to F'burg, another is a physicist, an- 
other just received his BA at UVa and the 
youngest is still a student. 

Claire Stone Craun, who lives with her 
mother in Staunton has taught business for 
29 years. She has an M.A. from U.T., 
studied in Europe one summer, and has 
written an article for the NEA magazine. 

Elizabeth Coe Chewning taught seven 
years and has been married 28 years. She 
has 2 stepsons and 5 grandchildren. Last 
year she returned to teaching after her hus- 
band suffered a thrombosis. She will teach 
science at Gari Melchers Jr. HS in Falmouth. 

Beatrice Brangan Fordham, who has a 
son and daughter, teaches general science. 

Her daughter finished at MWC in '57 and 
has been teaching five years at an air base in 

Dorothy Pettus Darden, Portsmouth, has 
been teaching 32 years. She has one son, a 
sophomore at U of Richmond. Her husband 
is retired because of disability. 

Virginia Saunders Smith wrote that she 
was unable to be with us this year as her son 
was being graduated from W & L. His twin 
brother is in the army and stationed in Ba- 
varia. Another son is a freshman at Fred- 
erick College in Portsmouth. 

I have a son who received his LLB from 
UVa in '61 and is employed with the In- 
ternal Revenue Service in DC. He married 
Ellen Gualtieri — MWC '61 — and they have 
one daughter. Another son has his degree 
in electrical engineering from VPI and is 
an assistant engineer for VEPCO in Rich- 
mond. My daughter is a secretary for Auer- 
bach engineering in Arlington. 

Emma Owens Euliss still lives on Lewis 
St. and is a regular attendant at the F'burg 
Chapter meetings despite her 84 years. 

Our love and sympathy to Julia Troland 
Link, whose father, E. M. Troland, died in 


^ A A ^^^^y I^uval Andrews 
T^T lo 1 44 Garfield Rd., Bon Air 35 

What a ball! Forty-eight girls made the 
reunion and we never stopped talking or 
laughing. We stayed in Virginia Hall and 
had the perfect weekend. Each of us is re- 
turning for the 25th reunion and we hope 
more of you will join us. 

Mary Griffin Underwood is HS business 
teacher in Portsmouth. She gave us pictures 
of her boy and girl for the scrapbook. The 
scrapbook is growing but we want pictures 
of ALL of you so send them to me. 

Marilynn Price Heady, Wappingers Falls, 
NY, sent pictures of her 3 sons. Ilva Haynie 
Doggett, Baltimore, left after the reunion 
for a trip to the Canadian Rockies; 2 girls. 

Gloria Burnside Denenberg, Ridgefield, 
NJ, teaches in NYC at a school for illiterate 
children and is head counsellor at a summer 
camp for 350 children. She is now a glamor- 
ous blonde and looks great. Dorothy Drake 
Grothusen attended the reunion with her 
nice husband as did Jean Adie Mogavero. 

Dorothy Woodson Baber, Alexandria; 2 
boys and a girl. Husband is in the Bureau 
of Latin American Affairs. Dot saw Ann 
Foster Kelleher and Doris Lanham Einbinder 
'45 recently. 

Ruth Samuel Legnini, Havertown, Pa, 
has 3 children and teaches nursery school. 
Sylvia Herbst Hall, West Chester, came 
down with Sammie. She teaches also. Jean 
Krout Haberle, Landisville, Pa, has 2 chil- 

Ruth McDaniel Potts, Berryville; 3 chil- 
dren. She sent a picture of her family. 
Nancy Gravatt Tucker, of Kenbridge, teaches 
first grade; 3 children. Dorothy Elwell 
Ewing, Little Silver, NJ ; 2 children ; husband 
an attorney. Dot told us of Joyce Shipke 
Fields' death. 

Jane Brownley Thomas came from Chi- 
cago to the reunion. She does volunteer 
work at the YMCA; 2 sons. Henny Hoyl- 
man Parsons, Lexington, Va, 2 children; 
hasn't changed one bit. Sallie Hart Harris 
Inge, in Chester, Va, married a Baptist min- 
ister, has 2 children and teaches math in HS. 

Betty Williamson Meachum, Bluefield, 
WVa, is prettier than ever; 2 children. Ger- 
trude Hamilton Pearson, Salisbury, Md, is a 
bookmobile librarian; husband works with 
closed circuit TV for NASA on Wallops Is. ; 
2 children. Theodora Nickerson Burson, 
Charlotte, NC, has 4 children. 

Frances Whitehurst Grenoble, Newport 
News; 3 boys and is expecting in September. 
Harriett Walls Garey, Denton, Md; 3 chil- 
dren and teaches school. Virginia Morgan 
Kline, Arlington; 3 girls. Husband Ed is 
being transferred to Charleston, SC. Ginny 
loves navy life but says it really keeps them 

Marguerite Buchanan Jacques, Smiths- 
burg, Md; 3 children. Husband is an or- 
chardist. Margaret Duke Bledsoe of Be- 
thesda visited Europe for the Fifth Sym- 
posium of Naval Hydrodynamics in Bergen, 
Norway. She also went to U of Calif to visit 
the facilities of the Naval Architecture Dept. 

Marjorie Hudson Denny is on her way to 
Hawaii where her Marine husband has a 

tour of duty. They have 3 children. Mar- 
jorie will visit Janie Slingman Mix on her 
way west. Adele Goyne Maxwell, Chester, 
Va, 2 girls. Frances Farrell Fletcher, Ports- 
mouth, Va; 3 sons. Husband is with the 
Norfolk Naval Shipyard. 

Marny Watkins Gary lives in Richmond ; 
a boy and a girl. You'll be hearing from 
Marny soon so watch for her letter. Carolyn 
Watts Quigley came from Orlando, Fla, 
where her husband is an Episcopal minister. 
They have 3 children. Hazel Jeffries is a 
secretary at the Patent Office in DC. 

Katherine Tompkins Brumble, Mechanics- 
ville, Va, teaches HS math and lives in an 
antebellum home on 45 acres where they 
"raise cane, cats, and dogs." Rebecca Engle- 
man Russell of Crozet, Va is a librarian; 2 
girls. Muriel Clements Garrison, F'burg, 
was the only local girl who attended re- 
union. She teaches and is working on her 

Jean Wade Otte, Laurel, Md, has 2 chil- 
dren. Husband is with the Defense Dept. 
Mary Anne Meyer Woody of Richmond has 
7 children and still made the reunion. Her 
youngest is under a year old. Emmy Lou 
Kilby has been teaching PE at the U of 
Mass for two years. She returns to the U of 
Wash at Bellingham this fall after spending 
the summer at the Sorbonne in Paris where 
she studied French. It is DOCTOR Kilby 

Sallie Jacob of Norfolk teaches school. 
Margaret Farmer Suit lives in South Boston, 
Va and works in the Halifax Co Public 
library. She has one son. Belva Dunn Jones 
and her husband own a hardware store in 
Richmond. They have one son. 

Tommy Strong Morris came down from 
U of Del where she has been Administrative 
Dietitian for 15 years. Virginia Wells Le- 
land, Seaford, LI, has 4 children. She 
played the piano for us at reunion and it 
really felt like old times. Josephine Potts 
Coleman from Chadds Ford, Pa and Betty 
Cox Leao of Middletown, Conn both at- 
tended reunion and made us proud of our 
two outstanding chemists. 

Betty Taylor Cormack, Seabrook, Md; 3 
children. Ruth Ludtke Scarbrough, Tow- 
son, Md, 2 children. She works at the Md 
Training School for Boys as Food Service 
Manager. Jean Ford Bates of Richmond has 
3 girls. 

Christine Vassar Farrar, Hampton, Va 
is married to the principal of the elem 
school. She looked like a very happy and 
beautiful bride. We called Joyce Hovey 
Madigan in Houlton, Me. She is a social 
worker, traveling i ,000 miles a month for 
the Dept of Health and Welfare, Children's 
Division. Two girls and a boy. 

And now news of the girls who were not 
at reunion but have been kind enough to 

Rosemary Fairbank Bell, Woodland Hills, 
Calif, is editor-in-chief of the local weekly 
newspaper. She has 3 sons and is still in- 
volved in drama. Anna Austin Roberts, Sud- 
lersville, Md, sent pictures of her family. 
She planned to attend reunion until she 
learned another baby was on the way. Libby 
Phillips Roe is moving near her this year. 

Barbara Strongren Behrens writes from 
West Simsbury, Conn that her children now 
have a horse and pony. Edith Mays Thomas, 
Hyattsville, teaches 5th grade; 2 daughters. 
The family is fond of camping. Dorothy 
Madsen Marston lives on a farm outside of 
W'msb'g; 3 teenage girls and a four-year-old 

Marguerite Klenck Lovejoy's husband re- 
ceived his PhD in geology at U of Ariz this 
year. They have lived in most of the western 
states for the past 15 years. She sent a won- 
derful picture of their 3 boys and 2 girls. 
Leah Fleet Waller of Richmond has a boy 
and girl. She fulfilled her lifelong ambition 
this year by being a blues singer in a Jr 
Womans Club floor show. 

Elizabeth Adair Fairly's husband is a phy- 
sician in Richmond ; 2 children. Ruth West- 
cott Hale, Metuchen, NJ, sent a grand pic- 
ture of her 3 boys and girl. Please include 
your OWN picture if you can when you 
send one in for the scrapbook. Helen Buck- 
ley McKinney's husband is in industrial X- 
ray at Westport, Conn; one son. 

We missed a lot of you at the reunion and 
you missed a gay old time. Plan now to 
attend the 25th when we hope to again be 
the largest reunion group on campus. It is 
the nicest way to shed 25 years that I know 
of. Who could ask for a better weekend 
than to be among old friends on a beautiful 
campus with the southern hospitality flow- 
ing everywhere. Plan to come and in the 
meantime please let me hear from you. 


CLASS OF 1944 — 20th reunion 



\M 2 4 'S^ 



CHAIRMAN Uh inc. buakl> 

Peggy Kelley Reinburg, Fairfax 


Betty Cox Beale, Bowling Green 


Kathryn Nicholas Winslov^', Norfolk 


Doris Steele, Silver Spring, Md. 


Bettie V. Griffith, Box 13 15 
College Station, Fredericksburg 


by Gary Upshur Washington '59 


At a March meeting plans were made for 
the annual June dinner-swim party to be 
held at Marci Morris' home. This is a fun 
time and all members, husbands, and pro- 
spective members are invited. 


On Men's Night, Feb 28, husbands took 
the members to dinner at the Hasta Ma- 
nana and all had a gay time. Apr 18, a 
lunch at Jordon Marsh when plans were 
made for a June 14 family picnic at the 
home of Leona Hall Howard '49. 


Dot Diehl Denton '39 entertained at the 
Apr social and showed slides of her Euro- 
pean tour. The March meeting at the La- 
fayette Country Club featured a talk by 
Mrs. Maude Hudson, supervisor of distribu- 
tive edu in Norfolk, on the role vocational 
edu assumes in schools of today. Also at the 
Lafayette was a mother-daughter luncheon 
in May when officers were installed. Board 
meetings were held at Kathryn Nicholas 
Winslow's '39 home. 


In Sept '63 fifty-five freshmen attended 
the Freshman Party and at a luncheon meet- 
ing at Thalhimers in Oct Nat'l Assn officers 
reported on association work. A VEA coffee 

Spots wood Spotlight 

hour was held in Nov for MWC alumnae 
who attended the convention. On Jan 22 
alumnae and guests journeyed to a theatre 
party at The Barksdale in Hanover Court 
House. The looth Day Tea for the Senior 
Class was held in Feb at Spotswood with 
this chapter hostessing. Dr. Simpson spoke 
on the Indian Exchange program in which 
MWC is participating when he and Mrs. 
Simpson were guests of the chapter dinner 
meeting in March. 


Welcome to the recently reorganized Roa- 
noke Valley Chapter! Reorganized at a 
meeting Mar 16, 1964 with 14 present and 
7 others interested. Officers elected were: 
Bootsie Simpson Johnson '54, pres; Donna 
Henninger Henderson '61, vp; Mary Ellen 
Seaborn Gillian '41, sec; and Nancy Floyd 
Gibb '60, treas. 

They plan to have 5 meetings a year and 
set dues at $3. On their May 1 1 meeting 
20 attended and 20 expressed interest. They 
chose their name, discussed boundaries for 
the chapter, and planned a Sept social for 
MWC entering freshmen, other MWC stu- 
dents, and the students' mothers. 

I thank you for your cooperation in mak- 
ing these reports. The new Roanoke Chap- 
ter will take over the reporting for 64-65 so 
please send your reports to the president of 
the chapter: Mrs. Bootsie Simpson Johnson, 
2218 Sorrel Lane SW, Roanoke, Va. 

Thank you again for helping me. Let's 
keep in touch. 



It is our pleasure to announce the names 
of six new class agents. 

1917 — Imogen Ellis Daniel (Mrs. Albert 
C.),of Weems, Va. 

1924 — Marian Weedon McDaniel (Mrs. C. 
B.), 1109 Charles St., F'burg. 

1929 — Helen Van Denburg Hall (Mrs. 
Bernard), Route i, Box 43, F'burg. 

'939 — Doris Stagg Pruden (Mrs. Brookly 
J.), Route 2, Box 225, Windsor, Va. 

1954 — Helen. Louise Wilbur, 1701 Massa- 
chusetts Ave., NW, Washington, DC, 
20036 and Barbara Wilson Taliaferro 
(Mrs. Wm. D.), Route i. Box 201, 
Punta Gorda, Fla. 33950. 


WHAT was the first state university? 

WHAT are land-grant colleges? 

WHY do public colleges need private 

WHY should you support your Alum- 
nae Fund? 

WHAT is an alternative to higher 

ARE tuition charges too burdensome? 

CAN small private colleges survive? 

WHAT is the major form of federal 
assistance to undergraduates? 

WHAT importance does your gift to 
MWC have beyond the dollars it 
gives to higher education? 

WHAT two great impacts have 
molded the modern American uni- 
versity system? 

You will find the answers to these 
questions in the thought provoking 
article, "The Money Behind our Col- 
leges," which begins on the next page. 

Dean Mary Ellen Stephenson addresses the 
alumnae luncheon. 

Ann Payne Long '54 and Mary Ann Dorsey 
Judy '54 view student art show at Alumnae 




Our Colleges 

ARE America's colleges and universities in good financial health — 
X\. or bad? 

Are they pricing themselves out of many students' reach? Or can — and 
should — students and their parents carry a greater share of the cost of 
higher education? 

Can state and local governments appropriate more money for higher 
education? Or is there a danger that taxpayers may "revolt"? 

Does the federal government — now the third-largest provider of funds 
to higher education — pose a threat to the freedom of our colleges and 
universities? Or is the "threat" groundless, and should higher education 
seek even greater federal support? 

Can private donors— business corporations, religious denominations, 
foundations, alumni, and alumnae — increase their gifts to colleges 
and universities as greatly as some authorities say is necessary? Or has 
private philanthropy gone about as far as it can go? 

There is no set of "right" answers to such questions. College and 
university financing is comphcated, confusing, and often controversial, 
and even the administrators of the nation's institutions of higher learning 
are not of one mind as to what the best answers are. 

One thing is certain: financing higher education is not a subject for 
"insiders," alone. Everybody has a stake in it. 

THESE DAYS, most of America's colleges and universities manage 
to make ends meet. Some do not: occasionally, a college shuts 
its doors, or changes its character, because in the jungle of educational 
financing it has lost the fiscal fitness to survive. Certain others, qualified 
observers suspect, hang onto life precariously, sometimes sacrificing 
educational quality to conserve their meager resources. But most U.S. 
colleges and universities survive, and many do so with some distinction. 
On the surface, at least, they appear to be enjoying their best financial 
health in history. 

The voice of the bulldozer is heard in our land, as new buildings go 
up at a record rate. Faculty salaries in most institutions — at critically 
low levels not long ago — are, if still a long distance from the high-tax 
brackets, substantially better than they used to be. Appropriations of 
state funds for higher education are at an all-time high. The federal 
government is pouring money into the campuses at an unprecedented 
rate. Private gifts and grants were never more numerous. More students 
than ever before, paying higher fees than ever before, crowd the class- 

How real is this apparent prosperity? Are there danger signals? One 
purpose of this report is to help readers find out. 

Where U.S. colleges 
and universities 
get their income 

How DO colleges and universities get the money they run on? 
By employing a variety of financing processes and philosophies. 
By conducting, says one participant, the world's busiest patchwork 

U.S. higher education's balance sheets — the latest of which shows the 
country's colleges and universities receiving more than $7.3 billion in 
current-fund income — have been known to bafiie even those men and 
women who are at home in the depths of a corporate financial state- 
ment. Perusing them, one learns that even the basic terms have lost their 
old, familiar meanings. 

"Private" institutions of higher education, for example, receive enor- 
mous sums of "public" money — including more federal research funds 
than go to all so-called "public" colleges and universities. 

And "public" institutions of higher education own some of the 
largest "private" endowments. (The endowment of the University of 
Texas, for instance, has a higher book value than Yale's.) 

When the English language fails him so completely, can higher edu- 
cation's balance-sheet reader be blamed for his bafflement? 

IN A RECENT year, U.S. colleges and universities got their current-fund 
income in this fashion : 
20.7% came from student tuition and fees. 
18.9% came from the federal government. 
22.9% came from state governments. 
2.6% came from local governments. 
6.4% came from private gifts and grants. 


9.4% was other educational and general income, including income 

from endowments. 
17.5% came from auxiliary enterprises, such as dormitories, cafeterias, 
and dining halls. 

1.6% was student-aid income. 

Such a breakdown, of course, does not match the income picture 
at any actual college or university. It includes institutions of many shapes, 
sizes, and financial policies. Some heat their classrooms and pay their 
professors largely with money collected from students. Others receive 
relatively little from this source. Some balance their budgets with large 
sums from governments. Others not only receive no such funds, but may 
actively spurn them. Some draw substantial interest from their endow- 
ments and receive gifts and grants from a variety of sources. 

"There is something very reassuring about this assorted group of 
patrons of higher education," writes a college president. "They are 
all acknowledging the benefits they derive from a strong system of col- 
leges and universities. Churches that get clergy, communities that get 
better citizens, businesses that get better employees — all share in the 
costs of the productive machinery, along with the student . . . ." 

In the campus-to-campus variations there is often a deep significance; 
an institution's method of financing may tell as much about its philos- 
ophies as do the most eloquent passages in its catalogue. In this sense, 
one should understand that whether a college or university receives 
enough income to survive is only part of the story. How and where it 
gets its money may have an equally profound effect upon its destiny. 

34.3% of their income 
conies from student fees. 

from Students 20.7 per cent 

1AST FALL, some 4.4 million young Americans were enrolled in the 
J nation's colleges and universities — 2.7 million in public institutions, 
1.7 million in private. 

For most of them, the enrollment process included a stop at a cashier's 
office, to pay tuition and other educational fees. 

How much they paid varied considerably from one campus to another. 
For those attending public institutions, according to a U.S. government 
survey, the median in 1962-63 was $170 per year. For those attending 
private institutions, the median was $690 — four times as high. 

There were such differences as these: 

In public universities, the median charge was $268. 

In public liberal arts colleges, it was $168. 

In public teachers colleges, it was $208. 

In public junior colleges, it was $113. 

Such educational fees, which do not include charges for meals or dormi- 

10% of their income 
conies from student fees. 

TUITION continued 

tory rooms, brought the nation's public institutions of higher education a 
total of $415 million — one-tenth of their entire current-fund income. 

By comparison: 

In private universities, the median charge was $1,038. 

In private liberal arts colleges, it was $751. 

In private teachers colleges, it was $575. 

In private junior colleges, it was $502. 

In 1961-62, such student payments brought the private colleges and 
universities a total of $1.1 billion — more than one-third of their entire 
current-fund income. 

From all students, in all types of institution, America's colleges and 
universities thus collected a total of $1.5 billion in tuition and other 
educational fees. 

Are tuition charges 


too burdensome? 

No NATION puts more stock in maximum college attendance by 
its youth than does the United States," says an American report 
to an international committee. "Yet no nation expects those receiving 
higher education to pay a greater share of its cost." 

The leaders of both private and public colleges and universities are 
worried by this paradox. 

Private-institution leaders are worried because they have no desire to 
see their campuses closed to all but the sons and daughters of well-to-do 
families. But, in effect, this is what may happen if students must con- 
tinue to be charged more than a third of the costs of providing higher 
education — costs that seem to be eternally on the rise. (Since one-third 
is the average for all private colleges and universities, the students' 
share of costs is lower in some private colleges and universities, con- 
siderably higher in others.) 

Public-institution leaders are worried because, in the rise of tuition 
and other student fees, they see the eventual collapse of a cherished 
American dream: equal educational opportunity for all. Making students 
pay a greater part of the cost of pubHc higher education is no mere 
theoretical threat; it is already taking place, on a broad scale. Last year, 
half of the state universities and land-grant institutions surveyed by 
the federal government reported that, in the previous 12 months, they 
had had to increase the tuition and fees charged to home-state students. 
More than half had raised their charges to students who came from 
other states. 

CAN THE RISE in tuition rates be stopped — at either pubUc or pri- 
vate colleges and universities? 
A few vocal critics think it should not be; that tuition should, in fact, 
go up. Large numbers of students can afford considerably more than 
they are now paying, the critics say. 

"Just look at the student parking lots. You and I are helping to pay 
for those kids' cars with our taxes," one campus visitor said last fall. 
Asked an editorial in a Tulsa newspaper: 

"Why should taxpayers, most of whom have not had the advantage 
of college education, continue to subsidize students in state-supported 
universities who have enrolled, generally, for the frank purpose of 
eventually earning more than the average citizen?" 

An editor in Omaha had similar questions: 

"Why shouldn't tuition cover more of the rising costs? And why 
shouldn't young people be willing to pay higher tuition fees, and if 
necessary borrow the money against their expected earnings? And why 
shouldn't tuition charges have a direct relationship to the prospective 
earning power — less in the case of the poorer-paid professions and 
more in the case of those which are most remunerative?" 

Such questions, or arguments-in-the-form-of-questions, miss the 
main point of tax-supported higher education, its supporters say. 

"The primary beneficiary of higher education is society," says a joint 
statement of the State Universities Association and the Association of 
State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges. 

"The process of making students pay an increasing proportion of the 
costs of higher education will, if continued, be disastrous to American 
society and to American national strength. 

"It is based on the theory that higher education benefits only the 
individual and that he should therefore pay immediately and directly 
for its cost — through borrowing if necessary. . . . 

"This is a false theory. ... It is true that great economic and other 
benefits do accrue to the individual, and it is the responsibility of the 
individual to help pay for the education of others on this account — 
through taxation and through voluntary support of colleges and uni- 
versities, in accordance with the benefits received. But even from the 
narrowest of economic standpoints, a general responsibility rests on 
society to finance higher education. The businessman who has things 
to sell is a beneficiary, whether he attends college or not, whether his 
children do or not . . . ." 

Says a university president: "I am worried, as are most educators, 
about the possibility that we will price ourselves out of the market." 

For private colleges — already forced to charge for a large part of the 
cost of providing higher education — the problem is particularly acute. 
As costs continue to rise, where will private colleges get the income to 
meet them, if not from tuition? 

After studying 100 projections of their budgets by private liberal 
arts colleges, Sidney G. Tickton, of the Fund for the Advancement of 
Education, flatly predicted : 

"Tuition will be much higher ten years hence." 

Already, Mr. Tickton pointed out, tuition at many private colleges is 
beyond the reach of large numbers of students, and scholarship aid 
isn't large enough to help. "Private colleges are beginning to realize 
that they haven't been taking many impecunious students in recent 
years. The figures show that they can be expected to take an even smaller 
proportion in the future. 

Or should students 
carry a heavier 
share of the costs? 



TUITION continued 


1.4% of their income 

comes from the states. 

"The facts are indisputable. Private colleges may not like to admit 
this or think of themselves as educators of only the well-heeled, but the 
signs are that they aren't likely to be able to do very much about it in 
the decade ahead." 

What is the outlook at public institutions? Members of the Asso- 
ciation of State Colleges and Universities were recently asked to make 
some predictions on this point. The consensus: 

They expect the tuition and fees charged to their home-state students 
to rise from a median of $200 in 1962-63 to $230, five years later. In 
the previous five years, the median tuition had increased from $150 to 
$200. Thus the rising-tuition trend would not be stopped, they felt — but 
it would be slowed. 

THE ONLY alternative to higher tuition, whether at public or private 
institutions, is increased income from other sources — taxes, gifts, 
grants. If costs continue to increase, such income will have to in- 
crease not merely in proportion, but at a faster rate — if student charges 
are to be held at their present levels. 

What are the prospects for these other sources of income? See the 
pages that follow. 

22.9 per cent from States 


39.7% of their income 

comes from the states. 

COLLEGES and universities depend upon many sources for their fi- 
nancial support. But one source towers high above all the rest: the 
American taxpayer. 

The taxpayer provides funds for higher education through all levels 
of government — federal, state, and local. 

Together, in the most recent year reported, governments supplied 44.4 
per cent of the current-fund income of all U.S. colleges and universities— 
a grand total of $3.2 billion. 

This was more than twice as much as all college and university stu- 
dents paid in tuition fees. It was nearly seven times the total of all 
private gifts and grants. 

By far the largest sums for educational purposes came from state and 
local governments: $1.9 billion, altogether. (Although the federal 
government's over-all expenditures on college and university campuses 
were large— nearly $1.4 billion— all but $262 million was earmarked for 

STATES HAVE HAD a financial interest in higher education since the 
nation's founding. (Even before independence. Harvard and other 
colonial colleges had received government support.) The first state uni- 
versity, the University of Georgia, was chartered in 1785. As settlers 

moved west, each new state received two townships of land from the 
federal government, to support an institution of higher education. 

But the true flourishing of publicly supported higher education came 
after the Civil War. State universities grew. Land-grant colleges were 
founded, fostered by the Morrill Act of 1867. Much later, local govern- 
ments entered the picture on a large scale, particularly in the junior- 
college field. 

Today, the U.S. system of publicly supported colleges and universities 
is, however one measures it, the world's greatest. It comprises 743 in- 
stitutions (345 local, 386 state, 12 federal), compared with a total of 
1,357 institutions that are privately controlled. 

Enrollments in the public colleges and universities are awesome, and 
certain to become more so. 

As recently as 1 950, half of all college and university students attended 
private institutions. No longer — and probably never again. Last fall, 
the public colleges and universities enrolled 60 per cent — one milhon 
more students than did the private institutions. And, as more and more 
young Americans go to college in the years ahead, both the number and 
the proportion attending publicly controlled institutions will soar. 

By 1970, according to one expert projection, there will be 7 milhon 
college and university students. Public institutions will enroll 67 per cent 
of them. 

By 1980, there will be 10 milhon students. Pubhc institutions will 
enroll 75 per cent of them. 

THE FINANCIAL imphcations of such enrollments are enormous. 
Will state and local governments be able to cope with them? 

In the latest year for which figures have been tabulated, the current- 
fund income of the nation's public colleges and universities was $4. 1 
billion. Of this total, state and local governments supplied more than 
$1.8 bilHon, or 44 per cent. To this must be added $790 milhon in capital 
outlays for higher education, including $613 milhon for new construc- 

In the fast -moving world of public-college and university financing, 
such heady figures are already obsolete. At present, reports the Commit- 
tee for Economic Development, expenditures for higher education are 
the fastest-growing item of state and local-government financing. Be- 
tween 1962 and 1968, while expenditures for all state and local-govern- 
ment activities will increase by about 50 per cent, expenditures for higher 
education will increase 120 per cent. In 1962, such expenditures repre- 
sented 9.5 per cent of state and local tax income; in 1968, they will take 
12.3 per cent. 

Professor M.M. Chambers, of the University of Michigan, has totted 
up each state's tax-fund appropriations to colleges and universities (see 
list, next page). He cautions readers not to leap to interstate compari- 
sons; there are too many differences between the practices of the 50 
states to make such an exercise vahd. But the differences do not obscure 


Will state taxes 

be sufficient to meet 

the rocketing demand? 


STATE FUNDS continued 

State Tax Funds 

For Higher Education 

Fiscal 1963 

Alabama $22,051,000 

Alaska 3,301,000 

Arizona 20,422,000 

Arkansas 16,599,000 

California.... 243,808,000 

Colorado 29,916,000 

Connecticut... 15,948,000 

Delaware 5,094,000 

Florida 46,043,000 

Georgia 32,162,000 

Hawaii 10,778,000 

Idaho 10,137,000 

Illinois 113,043,000 

Indiana 62,709,000 

Iowa 38,914,000 

Kansas 35,038,000 

Kentucky 29,573,000 

Louisiana.... 46,760,000 

Maine 7,429,000 

Maryland 29,809,000 

Massachusetts. 16,503,000 

Michigan 104,082,000 

Minnesota.... 44,058,000 

Mississippi... 17,500,000 

Missouri 33,253,000 

Change from 1961 

-$346,000 - 1.5% 

+ 978,000 +42% 

+ 4,604,000 +29% 

+ 3,048,000 +22.5% 

+48,496,000 +25% 

+ 6,634,000 +28.25% 

+ 2,868,000 +22% 

+ 1,360,000 +36.5% 

+ 8,780,000 +23.5% 

+ 4,479,000 +21% 

+ 3,404,000 +46% 

+ 1,337,000 +15.25% 

+24,903,000 +28.25% 

+12,546,000 +25% 

+ 4,684,000 +13.5% 

+ 7,099,000 +25.5% 

+ 9,901,000 +50.25% 

+ 2,203,000 + 5% 

+ 1,830,000 +32.5% 

+ 3,721,000 +20.5% 

+ 3,142,000 +23.5% 

+ 6,066,000 + 6% 

+ 5,808,000 +15.25% 

+ 1,311,000 + 8% 

+ 7,612,000 +29.5% 

continued opposite 

the fact that, between fiscal year 1961 and fiscal 1963, all states except 
Alabama and Montana increased their tax-fund appropriations to 
higher education. The average was a whopping 24.5 per cent. 

Can states continue to increase appropriations? No one answer will 
serve from coast to coast. 

Poor states will have a particularly difficult problem. The Southern 
Regional Education Board, in a recent report, told why: 

"Generally, the states which have the greatest potential demand for 
higher education are the states which have the fewest resources to meet 
the demand. Rural states like Alabama, Arkansas, Mississippi, and 
South Carolina have large numbers of college-age young people and 
relatively small per-capita income levels." Such states, the report con- 
cluded, can achieve educational excellence only if they use a larger pro- 
portion of their resources than does the nation as a whole. 

A leading Western educator summed up his state's problem as fol- 

"Our largest age groups, right now, are old people and youngsters 
approaching college age. Both groups depend heavily upon the pro- 
ducing, taxpaying members of our economy. The elderly demand state- 
financed welfare; the young demand state-financed education, 

"At present, however, the producing part of our economy is com- 
posed largely of 'depression babies' — a comparatively small group. For 
the next few years, their per-capita tax burden will be pretty heavy, and 
it may be hard to get them to accept any big increases." 

But the alternatives to more tax money for public colleges and uni- 
versities — higher tuition rates, the turning away of good students — may 
be even less acceptable to many taxpayers. Such is the hope of those 
who believe in low-cost, public higher education, 

EVERY projection of future needs shows that state and local gov- 
ernments must increase their appropriations vastly, if the people's 
demands for higher education are to be met. The capacity of a gov- 
ernment to make such increases, as a California study has pointed out, 
depends on three basic elements: 

1) The size of the "stream of income" from which the support for 
higher education must be drawn; 

2) The efficiency and effectiveness of the tax system; and 

3) The will of the people to devote enough money to the purpose. 
Of these elements, the third is the hardest to analyze, in economic 

terms. It may well be the most crucial. 

Here is why: 

In their need for increased state and local funds, colleges and univer- 
sities will be in competition with growing needs for highways, urban 
renewal, and all the other services that citizens demand of their govern- 
ments. How the available tax funds will be allocated will depend, in 
large measure, on how the people rank their demands, and how insist- 
ently they make the demands known. 

"No one should know better than our alumni the importance of 
having society invest its money and faith in the education of its young 
people," Allan W. Ostar, director of the Office of Institutional Research, 
said recently. "Yet all too often we find alumni of state universities 
who are not willing to provide the same opportunity to future genera- 
tions that they enjoyed. Our alumni should be leading the fight for 
adequate tax support of our public colleges and universities. 

"If they don't, who will?" 

To SOME Americans, the growth of state-supported higher educa- 
tion, compared with that of the private colleges and ;universities, 
has been disturbing for other reasons than its effects upon the tax rate. 

One cause of their concern is a fear that government dollars inevitably 
will be accompanied by a dangerous sort of government control. The 
fabric of higher education, they point out, is laced with controversy, 
new ideas, and challenges to all forms of the status quo. Faculty 
members, to be effective teachers and researchers, must be free of 
reprisal or fears of reprisal. Students must be encouraged to experiment, 
to question, to disagree. 

The best safeguard, say those who have studied the question, is legal 
autonomy for state-supported higher education: independent boards 
of regents or trustees, positive protections against interference by state 
agencies, post-audits of accounts but no line-by-line political control 
over budget proposals — the latter being a device by which a legislature 
might be able to cut the salary of an "offensive" professor or stifle 
another's research. Several state constitutions already guarantee such 
autonomy to state universities. But in some other states, college and 
university administrators must be as adept at politicking as at edu- 
cating, if their institutions are to thrive. 

Another concern has been voiced by many citizens. What will be the 
effects upon the country's private colleges, they ask, if the public- 
higher-education establishment continues to expand at its present rate? 
With state-financed institutions handling more and more students — 
and, generally, charging far lower tuition fees than the private insti- 
tutions can afford — how can the small private colleges hope to survive? 

President Robert D. Calkins, of the Brookings Institution, has said: 

"Thus far, no promising alternative to an increased reliance on 
public institutions and public support has appeared as a means of 
dealing with the expanding demand for education. The trend may be 
checked, but there is nothing in sight to reverse it. . . . 

"Many weak private institutions may have to face a choice between 
insolvency, mediocrity, or qualifying as public institutions. But en- 
larged opportunities for many private and public institutions will exist, 
often through cooperation By pooling resources, all may be strength- 
ened.... In view of the recent support the liberal arts colleges haveelicited, 
the more enterprising ones, at least, have an undisputed role for future 

Fiscal 1963 Change from 1961 

Montana $11,161,000 -$ 70,000 -0.5% 

Nebraska.... 17,078,000 +1,860,000 +12.25% 

Nevada., 5,299,000 +1,192,000 +29% 

New Hampshire 4,733,000 + 627,000 +15.25% 

New Jersey... 34,079,000 +9,652,000 +39.5% 

NewiViexico.. 14,372,000 +3,133,000 +28% 

New York... 156,556,000 +67,051,000 +75% 

North Carolina 36,532,000 + 6,192,000 +20.5% 

North Dakota. 10,386,000 +1,133,000 +12.25% 

Ohio 55,620,000 +10,294,000 +22.5% 

Oklahoma.... 30,020,000 +3,000,000 +11% 

Oregon 33,423,000 +4,704,000 +16.25% 

Pennsylvania. 56,187,000 +12,715,000 +29.5% 

Rhode Island. 7,697,000 +2,426,000 +46% 

South Carolina 15,440,000 + 2,299,000 +17.5% 

South Dakota. 8,702,000 + 574,000 + 7% 

Tennessee..,. 22,359,000 + 5,336,000 +31.25% 

Texas 83,282,000 +16,327,000 +24.5% 

Utah 15,580,000 +2,441,000 +18.5% 

Vermont 3,750,000 + 351,000 +10.25% 

Virginia 28,859,000 +5,672,000 +24.5% 

Washington... 51,757,000 + 9,749,000 +23.25% 

West Virginia. 20,743,000 +3,824,000 +22.5% 

Wisconsin.... 44,670,000 +7,253,000 +19.5% 

Wyoming 5,599,000 + 864,000 +18.25% 

TOTALS. . . . $1,808,825,000 +$357,499,000 



18.9 per cent from Washington 


19.1% of their income 

conies from Washington. 

I SEEM TO SPEND half my life on the jets between here and Washing- 
ton," said an official of a private university on the West Coast, not 
long ago. 

"We've decided to man a Washington office, full time," said the 
spokesman for a state university, a few miles away. 

For one in 20 U.S. institutions of higher education, the federal govern- 
ment in recent years has become one of the biggest facts of financial 
life. For some it is the biggest. "The not-so-jolly long-green giant," one 
man calls it. 

Washington is no newcomer to the campus scene. The difference, 
today, is one of scale. Currently the federal government spends between 
$1 bilUon and $2 billion a year at colleges and universities. So vast are 
the expenditures, and so diverse are the government channels through 
which they flow to the campuses, that a precise figure is impossible to 
come by. The U.S. Office of Education's latest estimate, covering fiscal 
1962, is that Washington was the source of $1,389 bilhon — or nearly 
19 per cent — of higher education's total current-fund income. 

"It may readily be seen," said Congress woman Edith Green of Ore- 
gon, in a report last year to the House Committee on Education and 
Labor, "that the question is not whether there shall be federal aid to 

Federal aid exists. It is big and is growing. 


18.6% of their income 

comes from Washington. 

THE word aid, however, is misleading. Most of the federal govern- 
ment's expenditures in higher education — more than four and a 
half times as much as for all other purposes combined — are for research 
that the government needs. Thus, in a sense, the government is the pur- 
chaser of a commodity; the universities, like any other producer with 
whom the government does business, supply that commodity. The re- 
lationship is one of quid pro quo. 

Congresswoman Green is quick to acknowledge this fact: 

"What has not been . . . clear is the dependency of the federal govern- 
ment on the educational system. The government relies upon the uni- 
versities to do those things which cannot be done by government person- 
nel in government facilities. 

"It turns to the universities to conduct basic research in the fields 
of agriculture, defense, medicine, public health, and the conquest of 
space, and even for managing and staffing of many governmental re- 
search laboratories. 

"It relies on university faculty to judge the merits of proposed re- 

"It turns to them for the management and direction of its foreign aid 
programs in underdeveloped areas of the world. 

"It relies on them for training, in every conceivable field, of govern- 
ment personnel — both military and civilian." 

THE FULL RANGE of federal-government relationships with U.S. high- 
er education can only be suggested in the scope of this report. 
Here are some examples: 

Land-grant colleges had their origins in the Morrill Land Grant Col- 
lege Act of 1862, when the federal government granted public lands to 
the states for the support of colleges "to teach such branches of learning 
as are related to agriculture and the mechanic arts," but not excluding 
science and classics. Today there are 68 such institutions. In fiscal 1962, 
the federal government distributed $10.7 miUion in land-grant funds. 

The armed forces operate officers training programs in the colleges and 
universities — their largest source of junior officers. 

Student loans, under the National Defense Education Act, are the 
major form of federal assistance to undergraduate students. They are 
administered by 1,534 participating colleges and universities, which 
select recipients on the basis of need and collect the loan repayments. In 
fiscal 1962, more than 170,000 undergraduates and nearly 15,000 gradu- 
ate students borrowed $90 million in this way. 

"The success of the federal loan program," says the president of a 
college for women, "is one of the most significant indexes of the im- 
portant place the government has in financing private as well as public 
educational institutions. The women's colleges, by the way, used to scoff 
at the loan program. 'Who would marry a girl with a debt?' people 
asked. 'A girl's dowry shouldn't be a mortgage,' they said. But now 
more than 25 per cent of our girls have government loans, and they 
don't seem at all perturbed." 

Fellowship grants to graduate students, mostly for advanced work in 
science or engineering, supported more than 35,000 persons in fiscal 
1962. Cost to the government: nearly $104 million. In addition, around 
20,000 graduate students served as paid assistants on government- 
sponsored university research projects. 

Dormitory loans through the college housing program of the Housing 
and Home Finance Agency have played a major role in enabling col- 
leges and universities to build enough dormitories, dining halls, student 
unions, and health facihties for their burgeoning enrollments. Between 
1951 and 1961, loans totaling more than $1.5 biUion were approved. 
Informed observers believe this program finances from 35 to 45 per 
cent of the total current construction of such facihties. 

Grants for research facilities and equipment totaled $98.5 million in 
fiscal 1962, the great bulk of which went to universities conducting 
scientific research. The National Science Foundation, the National 
Institutes of Health, the National Aeronautics and Space Administra- 
tion, and the Atomic Energy Commission are the principal sources of 
such grants. A Department of Defense program enables institutions to 
build facilities and write off the cost. 

To help finance new classrooms, libraries, and laboratories. Congress 
last year passed a $1,195 billion college aid program and, said President 

Can federal dollars 
properly be called 
federal "aid"? 

FEDERAL FUNDS continued 


of Federal research funds 

go to these 10 institutions: 

U. of California U. of Illinois 

Mass. Inst, of Technology Stanford U. 

Columbia U. U. of Chicago 

U. of IVIichigan U. of Minnesota 

Harvard U. Cornell U. 

Johnson, thus was "on its way to doing more for education than any 
since the land-grant college bill was passed 100 years ago." 

Support for medical education through loans to students and funds for 
construction was authorized by Congress last fall, when it passed a $236 
miUion program. 

To strengthen the curriculum in various ways, federal agencies spent 
approximately $9.2 million in fiscal 1962. Samples: A $2 million Na- 
tional Science Foundation program to improve the content of science 
courses; a $2 million Office of Education program to help colleges and 
universities develop, on a matching-fund basis, language and area-study 
centers; a $2 million Public Health Service program to expand, create, 
and improve graduate work in public health. 

Support for international programs involving U.S. colleges and univer- 
sities came from several federal sources. Examples: Funds spent by the 
Peace Corps for training and research totaled more than $7 miUion. The 
Agency for International Development employed some 70 institutions 
to administer its projects overseas, at a cost of about $26 milUon. The 
State Department paid nearly $6 million to support more than 2,500 
foreign students on U.S. campuses, and an additional $1.5 miUion to 
support more than 700 foreign professors. 


of Federal research funds 

go to the above 10 + these 15: 

U. of Wisconsin 
U. of Pennsylvania 
New York U. 
Ohio State U. 
U. of Washington 
Johns Hopkins U. 
U. of Texas 

Princeton U. 
Iowa State U. 

Cal. Inst, of Technology 
U. of Pittsburgh 
Northwestern U. 
Brown U. 
U. of Maryland 

BUT the greatest federal influence, on many U.S. campuses, comes 
through the government's expenditures for research. 

As one would expect, most of such expenditures are made at univer- 
sities, rather than at colleges (which, with some exceptions, conduct 
little research). 

In the 1963 Godkin Lectures at Harvard, the University of Cahfornia's 
President Clark Kerr called the federal government's support of research, 
starting in World War II, one of the "two great impacts [which], beyond 
all other forces, have molded the modern American university system 
and made it distinctive." (The other great impact: the land-grant college 

At the institutions where they are concentrated, federal research funds 
have had marked effects. A self-study by Harvard, for example, revealed 
that 90 per cent of the research expenditures in the university's physics 
department were paid for by the federal government; 67 per cent in the 
chemistry department; and 95 per cent in the division of engineering and 
applied physics. 

Is THIS government-dollar dominance in many universities' research 
budgets a healthy development? 
After analyzing the role of the federal government on their campuses, 
a group of universities reporting to the Carnegie Foundation for the 
Advancement of Teaching agreed that "the effects [of government ex- 
penditures for campus-based research projects] have, on balance, been 

Said the report of one institution: 

"The opportunity to make expenditures of this size has permitted a 

research effort far superior to anything that could have been done with- 
out recourse to government sponsors. . . . 

"Any university that dechned to participate in the growth of spon- 
sored research would have had to pay a high price in terms of the quahty 
of its faculty in the science and engineering areas. . . ." 

However, the university-government relationship is not without its 

One of the most irksome, say many institutions, is the government's 
failure to reimburse them fully for the "indirect costs" they incur in 
connection with federally sponsored research — costs of administration, 
of libraries, of operating and maintaining their physical plant. If the 
government fails to cover such costs, the universities must — often by 
drawing upon funds that might otherwise be spent in strengthening 
areas that are not favored with large amounts of federal support, e.g., 
the humanities. 

Some see another problem: faculty members may be attracted to cer- 
tain research areas simply because federal money is plentiful there. 
"This . . . may tend to channel their efforts away from other important 
research and . . . from their teaching and public-service responsibilities," 
one university study said. 

The government's emphasis upon science, health, and engineering, 
some persons beheve, is another drawback to the federal research ex- 
penditures. "Between departments, a form of imbalance may result," 
said a recent critique. "The science departments and their research may 
grow and prosper. The departments of the humanities and social sci- 
ences may continue, at best, to maintain their status quo." 

"There needs to be a National Science Foundation for the humani- 
ties," says the chief academic officer of a Southern university which gets 
approximately 20 per cent of its annual budget from federal grants. 

"Certainly government research programs create imbalances within 
departments and between departments," said the spokesman for a lead- 
ing Catholic institution, "but so do many other influences at work within 
a university — Imbalances must be lived with and made the most of, if 
a level of uniform mediocrity is not to prevail." 

THE CONCENTRATION of federal funds in a few institutions — usually 
the institutions which already are financially and educationally 
strong — makes sense from the standpoint of the quid pro quo philoso- 
phy that motivates the expenditure of most government funds. The 
strong research-oriented universities, obviously, can deliver the commod- 
ity the government wants. 

But, consequently, as a recent Carnegie report noted, "federal support 
is, for many colleges and universities, not yet a decisive or even a highly 
influential fact of academic life." 

Why, some persons ask, should not the government conduct equally 
well-financed programs in order to improve those colleges and uni- 
versities which are not strong — and thus raise the quality of U.S. higher 
education as a whole? 


of Federal research funds 

go to the 25 opposite + these 75: 

Pennsylvania State U. 

Duke U. 

U. of Southern Cal. 

Indiana U. 

U. of Rochester 

Washington U. 

U. of Colorado 

Purdue U. 

George Washington U. 

Western Reserve U. 

Florida State U. 

Yeshiva U. 

U. of Florida 

U. of Oregon 

U. of Utah 

Tulane U. 

U. of N. Carolina 

Michigan State U. 

Polytechnic Inst, of 

U. of Miami 
U. of Tennessee 
U. of Iowa 
Texas A. & M. Col. 
Rensselaer Polytechnic Inst. 
U. of Kansas 
U. of Arizona 
Vanderbilt U. 
Syracuse U. 
Oregon State U. 
Ga. Inst, of Technology 
U. of Virginia 
Rutgers U. 
Louisiana State U. 
Carnegie I nst. of Technology 
U. of Oklahoma 
N. Carolina State U. 
Illinois Inst, of Technology 

Wayne State U. 

Baylor U. 

U. of Denver 

U. of Missouri 

U. of Georgia 

U. of Arkansas 

U. of Nebraska 

Tufts U. 

U. of Alabama 

New Mexico State U. 

Washington State U. 

Boston U. 

U. of Buffalo 

U. of Kentucky 

U. of Cincinnati 

Stevens Inst, of Technology 

Oklahoma State U. 

Georgetown U. 

Medical Col. of Virginia 

Mississippi State U. 

Colorado State U. 

Auburn U. 

Dartmouth Col. 

Emory U. 

U. of Vermont 

Brandeis U. 

Marquette U. 

Jefferson Medical Col. 

Va. Polytechnic Inst. 

U. of Louisville 

Kansas State U. 

St. Louis U. 

West Virginia U. 

U. of Hawaii 

U. of Mississippi 

Notre Dame U. 

U. of New Mexico 

Temple U. 



FEDERAL FUNDS continued 

This question is certain to be warmly debated in years to come. 
Coupled with philosophical support or opposition will be this pressing 
practical question: can private money, together with state and local 
government funds, solve higher education's financial problems, without 
resort to Washington? Next fall, when the great, long-predicted "tidal 
wave" of students at last reaches the nation's campuses, the time of 
testing will begin. 

6.4 per cent from Gifts and Grants 


11.6% of their income 

conies from gifts and grants. 


2.3% of their income 

comes from gifts and grants. 

As A SOURCE of income for U.S. higher education, private gifts and 
. grants are a comparatively small slice on the pie charts: 1 1.6% for 
the private colleges and universities, only 2.3% for public. 

But, to both types of institution, private gifts and grants have an im- 
portance far greater than these percentages suggest. 

"For us," says a representative of a public university in the Midwest, 
"private funds mean the difference between the adequate and the ex- 
cellent. The university needs private funds to serve purposes for which 
state funds cannot be used: scholarships, fellowships, student loans, the 
purchase of rare books and art objects, research seed grants, experi- 
mental programs." 

"Because the state provides basic needs," says another public- 
university man, "every gift dollar can be used to provide for a margin 
of excellence." 

Says the spokesman for a private liberal arts college: "We miist seek 
gifts and grants as we have never sought them before. They are our one 
hope of keeping educational quality up, tuition rates down, and the 
student body democratic. I'll even go so far as to say they are our main 
hope of keeping the college, as we know it, alive." 

FROM 1954-55 through 1960-61, the independent Council for Finan- 
cial Aid to Educatiori has made a biennial survey of the country's 
colleges and universities, to learn how much private aid they received. 
In four surveys, the institutions answering the council's questionnaires 
reported they had received more than $2.4 billion in voluntary gifts. 

Major private universities received $1,046 miUion. 

Private coeducational colleges received $628 million. 

State universities received nearly $320 million. 

Professional schools received $171 million. 

Private women's colleges received $126 million. 

Private men's colleges received $117 million. 

Junior colleges received $31 million. 

Municipal universities received nearly $16 million. 

Over the years covered by the CFAE's surveys, these increases took 
Gifts to the private universities went up 95.6%. 
Gifts to private coed colleges went up 82%. 
Gifts to state universities went up 184%. 
Gifts to professional schools went up 134%. 

Where did the money come from? Gifts and grants reported to the 
council came from these sources: 
General welfare foundations gave $653 million. 
Non-alumni donors gave $539.7 million. 
Alumni and alumnae gave $496 million. 
Business corporations gave $345.8 million. 
Religious denominations gave $216 million. 
Non-alumni, non-church groups gave $139 million. 
Other sources gave $66.6 million. 

All seven sources increased their contributions over the period. 

BUT THE RECORDS of past years are only preludes to the voluntary 
giving of the future, experts feel. 

Dr. John A. Pollard, who conducts the surveys of the Council for 
Financial Aid to Education, estimates conservatively that higher educa- 
tion will require $9 billion per year by 1969-70, for educational and 
general expenditures, endowment, and plant expansion. This would be 
1.3 per cent of an expected $700 billion Gross National Product. 

Two billion dollars, Dr. Pollard believes, must come in the form of 
private gifts and grants. Highlights of his projections: 

Business corporations will increase their contributions to higher educa- 
tion at a rate of 16.25 per cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $508 million. 

Foundations will increase their contributions at a rate of 14.5 per 
cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $520.7 million. 

Alumni will increase their contributions at a rate of 14.5 per cent a 
year. Their 1969-70 total: $591 million. 

Non-alumni individuals will increase their contributions at a rate of 

12.6 per cent a year. Their 1969-70 total: $524.6 million. 

Religious denominations will increase their contributions at a rate of 

12.7 per cent. Their 1969-70 total: $215.6 million. 

Non-alumni, non-church groups and other sources will increase their 
contributions at rates of 4 per cent and 1 per cent, respectively. Their 
1969-70 total: $62 million. 

"I think we must seriously question whether these estimates are 
realistic," said a business man, in response to Dr. Pollard's estimate of 
1969-70 gifts by corporations. "Corporate funds are not a bottomless 
pit; the support the corporations give to education is, after all, one of 
the costs of doing business. ... It may become more difficult to provide 
for such support, along with other foreseeable increased costs, in setting 
product prices. We cannot assume that all this money is going to be 
available simply because we want it to be. The more fruit you shake 
from the tree, the more difficult it becomes to find still more." 

Coming: a need 

for $9 billion 

a year. Impossible? 


But others are more optimistic. Says the CFAE: 

"Fifteen years ago nobody could safely have predicted the level of 
voluntary support of higher education in 1962. Its climb has been spec- 
tacular. . . . 

"So, on the record, it probably is safe to say that the potential of 
voluntary support of U.S. higher education has only been scratched. 
The people have developed a quenchless thirst for higher learning and, 
equally, the means and the will to support its institutions adequately." 

A LUMNi AND ALUMNAE will have a critical role to play in determining 
^!jL whether the projections turn out to have been sound or unrealistic. 

Of basic importance, of course, are their own gifts to their alma 
maters. The American Alumni Council, in its most recent year's com- 
pilation, reported that alumni support, as measured from the reports 
of 927 colleges and universities, had totaled $196.7 million — a new 

Lest this figure cause alumni and alumnae to engage in unrestrained 
self-congratulations, however, let them consider these words from one 
of the country's veteran (and most outspoken) alumni secretaries: 

"Of shocking concern is the lack of interest of most of the alumni. . . . 
The country over, only about one-fifth on the average pay dues to their 
alumni associations; only one-fourth on the average contribute to their 
alumni funds. There are, of course, heartwarming instances where 
participation reaches 70 and 80 per cent, but they are rare. . . ." 

Commenting on these remarks, a fund-raising consultant wrote: 

"The fact that about three-fourths of college and university alumni 
do not contribute anything at all to their alma maters seems to be a 
strong indication that they lack sufficient feeling of responsibility to 
support these institutions. There was a day when it could be argued 
that this support was not forthcoming because the common man 
simply did not have funds to contribute to universities. While this argu- 
ment is undoubtedly used today, it carries a rather hollow ring in a 
nation owning nearly two cars for every family and so many pleasure 
boats that there is hardly space left for them on available water." 

Alumni support has an importance even beyond the dollars that 
it yields to higher education. More than 220 business corporations will 
match their employees' contributions. And alumni support — particu- 
larly the percentage of alumni who make gifts — is frequently used by 
other prospective donors as a guide to how much they should give. 

Most important, alumni and alumnae wear many hats. They are indi- 
vidual citizens, corporate leaders, voters, taxpayers, legislators, union 
members, church leaders. In every role, they have an effect on college 
and university destinies. Hence it is alumni and alumnae, more than any 
other group, who will determine whether the financial health of U.S. 
higher education will be good or bad in years to come. 

What will the verdict be? No reader can escape the responsibility of 
rendering it. 

The report on this and the preceding 15 
pages is the product of a cooperative en- 
deavor in which scores of schools, colleges, 
and universities are taking part. It was 
prepared under the direction of the group 
listed below, who form editorial projects 
FOR education, a non-profit organization 
associated with the American Alumni 
Council. (The editors, of course, speak for 
themselves and not for their institutions.) 
Copyright © 1964 by Editorial Projects for 
Education, Inc. All rights reserved; no 
part may be reproduced without express 
permission of the editors. Printed in U.S.A. 


Carnegie Institute of Technology 


The University of 0/clahoma 


Stanford University 


Tulane University 


Swarthmore College 


The University of New Hampshire 


American Alumni Council 


Massachusetts Institute of Technology 


The University of Oregon 


Wesleyan University 


Washington University 


The University of Pennsylvania 


The University of California 


Phillips Academy, Andover 


The Ohio State University 


Dartmouth College 


Simmons College 


The Johns Hopkins University 


Sweet Briar College 


Brown University 


Executive Editor 

Acknowledgments: The editors acknowledge with 
thanks the help of Sally Adams, Washington State 
University; Harriet Coble, The University of Ne- 
braska; Jam'es Gunn, The University of Kansas; 
Jack McGuire, The University of Texas; Joe Sher- 
man, Clemson College; Howard Snethen, Duke 
University; Jack Taylor, The University of Missouri. 
Photographs by Peter Dechert Associates: Walter 
Holt, Leif Skoogfors, Peter Dechert. 

CLASS OF 1949 — J 5th reunion, first row: Maude Wood Hagood, Betty Forsyth Somers, 
Audi Dulaney Devening, Irvin Whitlow Westbrook. second row: Betty Fischer Gore, Betty 
Russell Brown, Barbara Watson Barden, Margaret Thompson Pridgen, Betty Hoffman For- 
lenza. third row: Frances Malone, Anne McCaskill Libis, Mary Elwang Shannon, Jean 
Abendschein Vass, and Jeanne Farrington Leslie. 


Anne McCaskill Libis 

9410 Flagstone Dr., Baltimore 34, Md. 

Fourteen '49ers gathered in Virginia Hall 
rec room and heard each others' histories 
since graduation. Those who were absent 
missed some interesting stories. 

Bettie Hoffman Forlenza brought her 
husband. He works with Smith, Klein, and 
French, where she met him. They have been 
in Cherry Hill, NJ, for a year. Other hus- 
bands seen during the weekend were Lew 
Sommers, Sid Shannon, Mike Leslie, and 
Roland Westbrook. 

Betty Russell Brown's husband is with the 
Joint Chiefs of StafT at the Pentagon. She 
is looking forward to more overseas duty in 
a few years. Jean Abendschein Vass will 
soon be operating the Community Day 

School in Arlington — her own private kin- 
dergarten and first grade. 

Andi Dulaney Devening, in C'ville, sup- 
ports her 4 boys by doing clerical work at 
UVa. Maude Wood Hagood is the socially 
prominent wife of the town doctor in Clover, 
Va. He is chief of staff of the hospital and 
she is the consulting dietitian. They have 
a lovely home, a pony, and a boat. 

"Nehi" Leora Knapp Mora '50 was seen 
roaming the campus but did not join us. 
Frances Malone came all the way from Mi- 
ami; employed at Jackson Hospital and ac- 
tive in the Miami chapter. 

Lucille Clift Kimman returned from 
France and bought a home in Annandale, 
near DC. Jean Butler Lancaster, 4 chil- 
dren; active with Richmond Jr Women. 
Husband is chemist with Va Dept of Agri- 

Barbara Watson Barden, in Massachusetts 
now, has 3 children. She had dancing schools 
but I forget if she has one now. You sure 
missed a story if you weren't at reunion. 
Mary Roberts Guynn recently visited Fran- 
ces Hern Tron in High Point, NC, where 
Frances' husband works for Heritage Furni- 
ture Co. One of Frances' girls will visit 
relatives in Italy this summer. 

Hilda Jones Blakemore, absent as she was 
in the hospital recovering from surgery, sent 
a picture of her q boys; husband is an attor- 
ney. Nancy Davis England, Clearwater, Fla; 
one girl. Husband works for Honeywell in 
advanced computer design. Glenrose Aldred 
Hillock and her 3 boys have turned up in 
Ala; husband is in the Air Force. 

BABIES: Helen Gresham Walton, a boy, 
Dec 63 ; Irvin Whitlow Westbrook, a girl, 
Dec 63 ; Flo Archibald Barrow, a boy, Feb 
64; Primm Turner French, a girl, Mar 64. 


Bootsie Simpson Johnson 

2218 Sorrel Lane, SW, Roanoke 

Hi and goodbye : 

It has been enjoyable being class agent 
these eight years. Thanks to all of you who 
sent in news through the years, especially 
Pat Hatfield Mayer, who seems to keep up 
with many of our class. Pat is in Calif now. 

Your new agents, who were elected at 
the reunion and go into office immediately, 
are Helen Louise Wilbur, 1701 Massachu- 
setts Ave. N.W. Washington, D.C. 20036 
and Babs Wilson Taliaferro, (Mrs. W. D.) 
Rt. I, Box 201, Punta Gorda, Fla. 

Cheers! We had 35 present for our loth 
reunion. Missing from the picture were 
Mary Ann Dorsey Judy (New Rochelle, NY; 
4 children), Bobby Babb Puckett, and Sue 
Powers Blackford (Richmond; 2 children). 

The following couldn't attend but sent 
notes: Nancy Jean Miller Hatcher married 
in '54 and lived in Paris while Tom was in 
service. Now they and a daughter live in 
Hamilton and Tom is a draftsman for Deco 
Electronics in Leesburg. Eleanor Zundel 
Phillips, Sarasota, Fla, married Charley in 


CLASS OF 1964 

We are happy to welcome the 
Class of 1964 to the Alumnae As- 
sociation. The four agents who will 
serve the class are pictured at the 
right. Please send news about your- 
selves and your MWC friends to 
one of the following agents: 

JEAN CHEWNiNG, head agent, 
Box 123, RD I, F'burg; sarah 
(sallie) JONES, 18 Milford Rd., 
Newport News; malinda savers, 
3823 High Acres Rd., Roanoke; 
or lavinia (binnie) winston, 
Driftwood, Dunnsville. 


AVAILABLE UPON REQUEST: write to Alumnae Office, Box 
13 1 5, College Station, Fredericksburg. 

I. Two letters from Mrs. Charles Lake Bushnell, former 
Dean of Women at MWC, written June 1964. One is 
a reply to an invitation to Homecoming and the other 
is a thank-you note for the red roses the Association 
sends her each year on the Homecoming Saturday. 

II. Alumnae College Book list. Suggested reading in the 
fields of Art, Dance, Drama, and Music; a list of the 
books exhibited in the college library as a part of the 
Alumnae College program, "The Creative Arts in a 
Liberal Education." 

CLASS AGENTS WANTED for the following classes: 1914- 
19 1 9 — 1920 — 1923- — 1926 — 1933. Please volunteer! 

malinda binnie 



'59. taught I St grade for 9 years and hopes 
to adopt a child. 

Marilyn Kroll Kaplan, of Long Is, married 
Morty, an industrial real estate broker, in 
'56; has 2 girls. She transferred to UVa 
for a BS in Ed. Peggy Davies McCartney, 
Pittsburgh ; a son and was expecting in June. 
Her Jim is a chemical engineer with Gulf 
Oil. Sylvia Ann Barlow and Richard Ander- 
son married last fall and live in Conn. 

ORCHIDS to Lily Figueroa Caussade on 
her first trip back to MWC. She flew from 
Puerto Rico with her 2 sons and husband 
Anibal, who is in sugar cane business. Lily 
teaches biology in HS. 

Helen Hodges was elected by the Alum- 
nae Council to serve on the Nat'l Alumnae 
Board — Congrats! She is a chemist in the 
Va Dept of Agriculture and is president of 
our Richmond Chapter. Nancy Hoffman 
Eidman, Rome, NY, has 2 boys and expects 
in Sept. 

Barbara Scott Trenis' husband runs a 
Registered Holstein Dairy farm in Catlett; 4 
children. Jingles Kirkwood Browning, Cul- 
peper, teaches 5th grade and her husband is 
the principal. Pat Whitted Blackwell, Rich- 
mond, has 4 children and says she plays 
house all day. 

Molly Myrus Swain, who attended fresh 
yr and lived in Cornell, has 4 boys and is in 
Oneonta, NY, where husband is elem school 
principal. They were in England on an ex- 
change teaching program. Mary Miles Pur- 
year Jones, Kinston, NC ; 2 boys and 2 girls. 
Carlene Mitchell Bass, Ashland; a boy and a 

Mary Chilton Newell, Fairfax; 3 chil- 
dren. Husband Bill is assistant hospital ad- 
ministrator. Norma Bourne Bisbee, 3 chil- 
dren and active in scout work in Williams- 
burg, Mass. Ruth Russell Cobb, Pylesville, 
Md; one daughter. Bob teaches Vo. Ag. and 
is working on his MA. 

Jean Armstrong teaches at Vassar and is 
working for a PhD. Georgiana Spillman 
Stillman, Bowie, Md ; 2 sons. Husband man- 
ages an import furniture store. Peggy Ames 
Smith, also in Bowie, was expecting in July. 
B. J. Cox Haynie, in Augusta, Ga; 3 chil- 
dren. Robert is a mechanical engineer. Also 
in Ga is Grace Gumming Bebal; 2 children. 
Francis is professor of Biochemistry at Ga 
Medical College. 

Edith Moody Sheffield, Petersburg; one 
boy. Husband is a funeral director. In 
Alexandria, Gerry Holsten Rodriguez; hus- 
band in navy. Ann Perkinson Prince, Va 
Beach; 2 boys, husband in insurance. Celia 
Calloway Hancock, Springfield ; 3 girls. 

Louise Robbins Bryant and husband 
opened a drive-in restaurant and motel in 
Courtland three years ago so Louise is pul- 
ing her major in Home Ec to good use. 3 
children. All classmates are welcomed for 
a free meal. 

Joanne Armistead Guthrie, Va Beach, 
married a dentist; 2 girls. Gladys Jones has 
been a soc worker at Social Service Bureau 
in Newport News for 10 years. Janet An- 
drews Edrington taught English for 9 years, 
part of the time in Tenn, while husband 
studied dentistry at U of Texas. They are 
building a clinic in Sanford, NC, where he 
will practice. 

Marcia Craddock Frank, with DuPont 
four years, has 2 children. Husband Arlen is 
research chemist with Hooker Chemical 
Corp. Helen Peck Nerusame, Potomac, Md ; 

3 children. Ralph is IBM Federal System 

Judy Graham Kanakanui, back home in 
Beckley, WVa for a year while Budgie works 
on an architectural job, will return to Hono- 
lulu where they've been living with their 

4 children. Bev Turner Cooke lives in Oma- 
ha, Neb. What is the address? 

Pat Swain Holzberlein of Fairfax teaches 
Phys Ed in Arlington ; 2 children. Husband 

CLASS OF 1954 — loth reunion, seated left to right: Betty Bartz Bradford, Marcia Crad- 
dock Frank, Helen Hodges, Helen Wilbur, Edith Moody Sheffield, Betty Cox Haynie, Pattie 
Pickett Wadsworth, Barbara Scott Trenis, Ruth Russell Cobb, Louise Robbins Bryant, Georgi- 
ana Spillman Stillman, Anna Nash Kay McDaniel, Helen Peck Nerusome. standing: Patricia 
Shipley Hook, Carlene Mitchell Bass, Betty Baylor Neatrour, Gladys Jones, Ann Payne Long, 
Lillian Figueroa Caussade, Geraldine Holsten Rodriguez, Pat Swain Holzberlein, Celia Callo- 
way Hancock, Edwina Wright Blankenbaker, Anne Levey, Joyce Mason Conis, Mary Chilton 
Newell, Norma Bourne Bisbee, Patricia Whitted Blackwell, Ann Perkinson Prince, Janet 
Andrews Edrington, Bootsie Simpson Johnson, Barbara Wilson Taliaferro. 

is with Eastern Air Lines at Dulles Field. 
Teddy Maxwell Chenning (sp?) and hus- 
band are both on the police force in C'ville. 
"Lewie" Ann Payne Long, in Timberville 
near Harrisonburg; 3 children; president of 
garden club and a mistress of ceremonies for 
weddings. Husband Wayne runs a turkey 
farm. Joyce Mason Conis has 3 children, 

1 gold fish, and 3 rabbits (the latter she'd 
like to get rid of). James teaches Spanish 
and Russian at Clemson College. 

Carolyn Barnes Houlgrave, Richmond; 

2 children. Marion Pleasants Trice, 3 chil- 
dren ; husband is elec engineer with VEPCO 
in Richmond. Jean Verling Euderle, in 
Buena Vista, has a 3-yr old. Joan Young 
Wilson, Columbus, O, 3 children; William 
works for Urban Renewal. Ann Johnston 
LeDuke, La Crosse, Wise; 3 children; Ern- 
est is an elec engineer. 

Pattie Pickett Wadsworth, Falls Church; 
2 sons; Ben is Lt Cmdr in Navy. Betty Ear- 
man Sipe is an art teacher in Fairfax. Ad- 
dress? Pat Ashley Mathena, in Md; one 
child. Sara Waugh Hurst, Ft Leavenworth, 
Kan. ; 3 children. Pat Josephs Zavadil, 
Grosse Isle, Mich; 2 sons; husband with Ford 

Patti Bea Henson Adams, Norfolk; 3 girls. 
Peggy Sloan Darbie, Martinsville, NH; a 
son. Edwina Wright Blankenbaker of Lou- 
isa, 3 children. Husband an MD. Madge 
Baker Bowe, Lynnhaven, 2 children. Cath- 
erine Martin Martin is in Topeka, Kan; at 
UVa after jr year for Lab Tech work. 

Beth Grove Dieball lives in Oak Park, 
Mich. Betty Bartz Bradford, Downingtown, 
Pa; 2 sons and expecting in Sept. She has 
an MA from Columbia '55 in Special Ed 
and taught for a number of years. Husband 
Wallace is indust engineer with Lukens Steel. 

Pat Shipley Hook of DC got an MA in 
Edu at Johns Hopkins in June. Betty Baylor 
Neatrour will study at U of Moscow this 
summer on a teacher's cultural exchange. 
In Sept she will go to U of Indiana on 
scholarship to work on her PhD in Russian. 
Charley will do grad work on scholarship at 
LSU in math in Sept. They have one son. 

Anna Nash Kay McDaniel and Coy, a 
marine engineer, and 3 children are at Va 
Beach. Babs Wilson Taliaferro is busy with 
garden club, Jr Women and investment 
clubs; Duke, originally from F'burg, is a 
bank officer in Fla. Cynthia Irby Hayden, 
of Arvona, married an MD. Peggy Lassiter 
Benton is in Newark, Del. Joan Baron New- 
man, of NY; 2 children. Barbara Bosworth 
Lanham, Manassas; 3 children. 

Ossie Chaffee Summers and Paul live, I 
think, in Upper Marlboro, Md; 2 children. 
Carroll Lee Ferrell Wolfe lives and teaches 
in Lexington; one girl. Joan Garner Amer- 
man teaches in Henrico Co. Betsy McNeal 
Brann, Reedville, one son; husband in bank- 

Nancy Root Skinner, of Bolton, Mass, one 
girl; husband with Raytheon Elec. They 
plan to open an antique shop. Helen Wilbur 
has an MA from U of Pgh '55 in retailing 
and is Asst Mdse Mgr of the Woodward and 
Lothrop Budget Store in DC. Faith Grace 
Perlman, Richmond, one girl; husband with 
State Employment Comm. 


^f*/^ Edna E. Gooch, Apt. 19 
«->'«-' 34' 6 Grove Ave., Richmond 26 

This has been a great year for news! A 
card from Russ and Marianne Carrano 
Raphaely while they were visiting Ted and 
Peggy Clark Bidwell in Puerto Rico. They 
have a son, planned to return to the US in 
May, and are expecting in Sept. Eureka! 

A long awaited letter from Fay Jessup 
Young. She had a son in Oct and still 
teaches art a couple times a week. She says 
Carol Noakes Robinson is back in NY. 
Patsy Peterson Griffing's husband is a suc- 
cessful photographer in NY. lona Mae Cook 
Gordon, who is still working for her masters 
at GW, sent word of a 3rd girl in Feb for 
Given Althauser Betor. 

Dick and Jo Neal Hendricks Scully 
planned to sail on the Constitution in July 
for a 2-yr stay in Nice, France where Dick 
will be the American Vice Consulate. To 
Elizabeth Powers Armitage, a son in Jan 
and the grapevine says Irino Nano Chauchet 
expected bundle no. i in April. Awilda 
Domenech Burroughs, in Spring Valley, 
Calif now complete with a new little girl, is 
an airline receptionist. 

At an alumnae meeting in Richmond at 
which Chancellor Simpson spoke of his visit 
to India I saw Jane Vaught and Carol Prid- 
gen Gill. Carol said Jan Bewley Willhide 
is in Germany. Would be nice if she could 
bump into Marcia Phipps Ireland who loves 
it there. 

Jo Anne Hearn Walter is in Pa with 2 
children. Sigrid Stanley Jackman bought a 
new home in Bethesda and is waiting for joy 
no. 3 in Sept. Mary Ellen Fredman Down- 
ing teaches in a small town near Ann Arbor. 
Husband has finished law school and they 
hope to be in DC eventually. 

We were really pleased with the 1 3 girls 
who came to the reunion. Hurrah, hurrah! 
It was a wonderful weekend, beautiful 
weather, and plain great, seeing everyone, 
talking and thinking back to memories of 
MWC. I hope our loth will be doubled in 
every way. The 1 3 were : 

Irene Piscopo, whose sister was a '64 grad. 
They plan a vacation in Calif this summer. 
Anne Saunders Spilman, who rode back to 
Richmond with me to visit her sister, has 2 
children. She moved to Wise in July. Ger- 
aldine Jenks Winston, my pld roomie, was 
there complete with pictures of her cute 
little son. 

Joan Essick Woloson, who is to be a 
mother again in Nov. Martha Huffman 
Wood, all aglitter and aglow about her fam- 
ily. Mary Massie and Priscilla Brown Ward- 
law drove in together from Arlington where 
Mary now lives. "Pete" had stopped on her 
way from NY to visit. She and her husband 
planned a glorious three weeks in Europe in 

Ruth Gaines Watkins, who was expecting 
in July, was visiting Sandra Taylor Fox so 
they came together. Imogene Daniels was 
there, attending with her mother, who is 
MWC '17. 

Ann Brooks Papadatos came zooming in 
from the Bronz, visiting us and also her 
family who live in F'burg. Number 12 is 

CLASS OF 1959 — 5th reunion, first row, left to right: Martha Huffman Wood, Edna 
Gooch, Anne Saunders Spilman, and Joan Essick Woloson. second row, left to right: 
Ann Rollins Pyle, Ann Brooks Papadatos, Geraldine Jenks Winston, Priscilla Brown Wardlaw, 
and Mary Massey. 

Anne Rollins Pyle, an elem teacher in Fair- 
fax Co who plans to continue work for her 
masters this summer at UVa. No. 1 3 was 
yours truly — might have known. 

Some news that was screamed at the re- 
union: Elizabeth Desmond married an air- 
lines pilot. Sondra Kates has been seen all 
over on TV commercials. We counted about 
five different ones. Dodie Reeder Hruby is ex- 
pecting. In July Eleanor Markham Old was 
moving to Phila where Arthur will be with 
Armstrong Cork Co. Ruth Osterman But- 
ton is expecting no. 3. 

There was much more news but I'll fil- 
trate that via our letters. We had a good 
time and the weekend passed too quickly. 
I know many of you wanted to come but due 
to families, etc. it doesn't always work out. 
I hope you make it next time. 

A long letter from Marcella Stapor Wow! 
What a life! She is a lawyer now working 
in a small town right outside of London. 
What a swinging way to get a decent cup of 
tea! When she returns to NY next year she 
plans to come via Russia. Could you die, 
quote, quote! 

Elizabeth Watkins Johnson has 3 girls now. 
Large note for Kitten Swaffin Howard who 
was hoping to come to the reunion. Carmen 
Culpepper Chappell and husband, who is 
systems analyst for Smith, Kline & French 
in Phila, have bought a home. She bumped 
into Edwyna McDonnell Cocks. May Phil- 
lips, still in Calif, had a trip to Europe the 
fall of '63. 

Stevie Conover works for United Airlines 
in Los Angeles. Anne Phillips and Barbara 
Boisseau are roommates in Frisco. Judith 
Fink Beckmen is expecting in August. Both 

Gloria Winslow Borden and Barbara Gordon 
Crabtree have 3 children. Arlene Hawthorne 
has her masters now. 

And surprise! Jean Jones McNabb had 
twin girls. Watch it, Fritzie. Nancy Parsly, 
with a MS in LS from Drexel in June, is a 
library asst at Eastern Baptist College in St. 
David's, Pa. Madeline Lankford Simmons 
has 2 girls and is vice-pres of the alumnae 
chapter in Kilmarnock. Nancy Sturtevant 
married Ed Baker and lives in Calif. To 
Bill and Joan Stahlhut Good, a son last Dec. 

Marcia Spence Harrison and husband 
plan to be in Newport, RI and then travel 
to San Juan. I quote from Marcia's last 
note: ". . . It is with much sadness that 
I write ... of the death of our little boy, 
James Philip, on March 12, 1964. As he 
was a retarded child, if anyone would be in- 
terested, we are having contributions sent 
in memory of him to Delaware Co Assoc for 
Retarded Children, 147 Lansdowne Ave., 
Lansdowne, Pa." To the Harrisons, our 

A pleasant phone call announced the 
arrival of the Boss of the Tom and Emily 
Babb Carpenter family in Richmond on their 
way to Fla. The Boss was a sleepy six-mo-old 
at the time but that was a small matter. 
Emily told me Kitty Dishman Crandall was 
expecting. Our visit ended too soon, as this 
news letter sometimes does. 

One little item — old "Eddie" will be back 
at the books this summer at UVa. She made 
a dramatic decision to teach 5th grade next 
yr and she's got to keep up with her stu- 
dents. If there is any excitement going on 
I'll let Yall know right away. 

Cavalier "Eddie" 



aiumnat Betas 

Mm Washington College 

of the 

lanitiersitji of Virginia 


Non-Profit Organization 


Fredericksburg, Va. 
Permit No. 89 





^ L * 

,il|jy^r«t»*v. ' 

Pictured at the left are new members of 
the 2 2 -member Board of Directors of the 
Alumnae Association. Lucille Wheeler, 
Phoebe Enders Willis (the Chancellor's ap- 
pointee), Arabelle Laws Arrington, Doris 
Steele, and Helen Hodges (representative of 
the Alumnae Council). Elected, but missing 
from the picture are Margaret Lodge Copes 
and Elinor McClellan Cox. 

Florence Daniel, a 
senior from Ports- 
mouth, was chosen by 
the Class of '65 to rep- 
resent them on the 

Sarah Herring Estes was winner of the 
place on the Nomination-Election Commit- 
tee, replacing Marceline Weatherly Morris, 
whose term expires. Others on this commit- 
tee are Ethel Chrisman, Chairman, and 
Rachael Nickey Morgenthaler. 

On Saturday, May 30, the new Board 
elected the following officers who will assume 
office on July i. Chairman of the Board, 
Peggy Kelley Reinburg. First vice chair- 
man — alumnae fund committee, Betty Cox 
Beale. Second vice chairman — program 
committee, Kathryn Nicholas Winslow. Third 
vice chairman — alumnae council committee, 
Doris Steele. Jane Howard Patrick was 
named Chairman of the Finance Committee. 
These persons plus the faculty advisor and 
the executive secretary make up the Execu- 
tive Committee, which is pictured at the left. 
Seated: Mildred Jamison, faculty advisor, 
Jane Patrick, Doris Steele, Betty Beale. 
Standing: Peggy Reinburg, Bettie Griffith, 
executive secretary, and Kathryn Winslow.